Though online gambling remains legal in theory, the practice has already become ubiquitous. There are state-regulated casinos, daily fantasy sports sites, sweepstakes and lottery games that enable people to gamble from the convenience of their home, while there are unregulated sports betting websites offering odds on just about any sporting event from around the globe.

While many states have laws legalizing various forms of gambling, the federal government still enforces some significant restrictions – most importantly the Federal Wire Act which forbids betting across state lines on sports. While further interpretation of this law could potentially change things in most states it remains illegal for online sports betting services to operate.

New York stands out as an exception to this rule, with DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM and Caesars offering legal sports betting services that have opened up an enormous market while providing much-needed tax revenue for New York state government. Their government also plans to increase availability even more so there may be changes on the horizon for New York gambling laws in future.

At one time, states were increasingly passing legislation restricting online gambling. Senator Bob Goodlatte and Congressman Jon Kyl introduced bills in the 1990s that would limit online gambling except for horse and dog races or state lotteries; these never made it past committee.

Recently, the federal government has attempted to curtail online gambling through various means. In 2011, the Department of Justice issued a memo outlining how the Federal Wire Act could be used to target unauthorized online gambling activities; several states responded by banning advertising from gambling companies but this decision was overturned in a court case.

As of this writing, 48 states allow some form of legal gambling; Hawaii and Utah (both of which outlaw gambling). New Jersey, Nevada and Delaware each offer legal casinos with regulatory oversight as do New York; moreover other states like Michigan and Pennsylvania have legalized sports betting online.

Some states employ their own regulators for audits and fairness testing of online casinos; other rely on third-party regulators. New Jersey’s Table Services Bureau conducts tests on casinos licensed to operate within its borders; these exams aim to ensure operators honesty and responsibility as well as fair gameplay without bugs or glitches. Often the results of such examinations are publicly displayed on gaming commission websites to give people confidence that they’re playing at legitimate regulated casinos.

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